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Dragon Language

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For the alphabet, see Dragon Alphabet.

Dovahzul (DOVAhZUL Dovah-Zul, "Dragon-Voice"), the Dragon Language or Dragonish,[1] is the language used in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim by dragons in shouts, on word walls, in names, etc. Provided by the Skyrim Game Guide and in game dialogue translations by Alduin, Paarthurnax, Odahviing, and Durnehviir.

Some may also be found in the books, Dragon Language: Myth no More and Songs of Skyrim. Additionally, each Dragon Priest's name is a word in the Dragon language.

Pronunciation

Some may find the pronunciation of the Dragon Alphabet digraphs "aa", "ah", "ei", "ey", "ii", "ir", "uu", "ur", and "oo" to be confusing.

Digraph IPA Example
aa, ah /ɒ/ thought, taut, hawk
ei /aɪ/ Ice, eye, pie
ey /eɪ/ fate, pay, lay
ii /i/ wing, fling, see
ir

ur

/ir/

/ur/

near, fear, tear
oo /uː/ goose, group, few

However, assuming that the initial syllables heard in the musical pieces for the game are the standard form, then the language takes on a more Scandinavian sound.

"Aa" and "ah" are both a long, open "a" /aː/; the latter, however, being formed more gutturally (sometimes becoming /ɔː/).

"Oo" is used in the instances where the normal "o" sound /o/ (English "port") needs to become long (/oː/), as in the English "door". Only "uu" takes on the sound of an English double-"o" (see the above examples). "ii" would tend to be longer (/ɪː/).

"Ir" and "ur" equate to /ir/ and /ur/, respectively.

Finally, there is a difference between "ei" and "ey": "ei" is pronounced as in German, producing a vowel as in price. "Ey," on the other hand, sounds as in face.

These discrepancies in pronunciation most likely result from the fact that many of these phonemes are not native to (or not the standard in) the English language, as well as the fact that most dovahhe only periodically speak in their native language, so that it wasn't deemed important by Bethesda to properly instruct the voice actors in the pronunciation of the language. This is particularly evident in the fact that most dragons, in the game, do not roll their "r"s; however, both the Main Theme and the Following (Sovngarde Theme Song), feature them exclusively.

Grammar

The language has basically the same grammar as English, with the exceptions that it doesn't have an equivalent to English's apostrophes; it tends to place prepositional phrases earlier in sentences than in English, and doesn't have tense.[2] To pluralize a word, the final letter is repeated and "e" is added (i.e. "grohiik": wolf; "grohiikke": wolves)

Words are constructed in such a way that, when combined, they form new words. A known construction is "Junnesejer", which means "the kings of the east". "Jun" being king and "Jer" being east. Thus, combining words will allow one to convey an idea or another word. For Example: "moon and eclipse" are not present in the vocabulary, but sun ("krein") and night ("vulon") are. The word is based on which of the words is the first because the first word is prominent. If one were to say "vulonkrein", the prominent word would be "night" while the secondary is "sun", and  there would be "moon" (i.e. a light in the night). Vice versa with "kreinvulon", as "sun" is prominent and "night" is secondary, so there would be "eclipse" (darkness where the sun is). With Junnesejer, it means "the kings of the east", but if one were to put it as Jersejun, it would be "East King". "Se" is a conjunction between words that are combined to fill in the particles, but it's just as easily-understood without it.

Common words

Dragon Language English
Aak Guide[3]
Aal May (as in "May his soul")
Aam Serve[4][5]
Aan A/An[6]
Aar Servant[7]
Aav Join
Aaz Mercy
Ag Burn[8]
Agli "Your" Burn
Ah Hunter[9]
Ahmik Service
Ahmul Husband
Ahkrin Courage[4][10]
Ahraan Wound[3]
Ahrk And[6][8]
Ahrol Hill[7]
Ahst At[3][6][8]
Ahzid Bitter
Al Destroyer / Destroy
Alok Arise[6][11]
Alok-Dilon Necromancy (Arise-Dead)[12]
Alun Ever
Aus Suffer
Bah Wrath
Bahlaan Worthy[3][4][13]
Bahlok Hunger[6][11]
Bein Foul[6]
Beyn Scorn[11]
Bex Open[14]
Bo Fly[3][4]
Bodiis Borrow
Bok Age[6]
Bolog Beg[5]
Bonaar Humble[11]
Bormah Father[3]
Bovul Flee / Fled[8]
Boziik Bold / Boldly[6]
Brendon Specter
Brii Beauty
Briinah Sister[8]
Brit Beautiful[4]
Brod Clan
Brom North[7][13]
Bron Nord
Bruniik Savage[3]
Daanik Doomed[8]
Dah Push
Dahmaan Remember[3]
Daal Return
Daar This / These[10][13]
Denek Soil
Dein Keep[6]
Dez Fate
Dii Mine
Diil Undead[15]
Diin Freeze
Diivon Swallow[6]
Dir Die[11]
Dinok Death[12][8]
Dilon Dead[3]
Do Of / About[6][8]
Dok Hound
Dov Dragonkind (referring to the race of dragons)
Dovah Dragon[6][7]
Dovahgolz Dragonstone
Dovahkiin Dragonborn[6]
Draal Pray[6]
Dreh Do / Does
Drem Peace / Patience[3]
Drem Yol Lok Greetings (literally 'peace fire sky')[3]
Drey Did[6][8]
Drog Lord
Drun Bring/Brought[4]
Du Devour
Du'ul Crown[3][13]
Dukaan Dishonor[8]
Dun Grace
Dur Curse
Dwiin Steel
Dwiirok Carve
Ek Her
Enook Each
Ensosin Bewitch
Evenaar Extinguish
Egvir Season
Faad Warmth
Faal The (formal, preceeding a proper noun, "Faal Krein" for "The Sun")[6]
Faas Fear
Faasnu Fearless
Fah For[6]
Fahdon Friend
Fahliil Elf[8]
Feim Fade[3]
Fel Feral
Fen Will[6]
Fent Shall[6]
Feykro Forest
Feyn Bane[6]
Fiik Mirror
Filok Escape
Fin The (rarely used)[6][8]
Fo Frost
Fod When[6]
Fodiiz Hoar
Folaas Wrong
Folook Haunt
Fonaar Charge
Frin Hot[8]
Frod Field[6][8]
Fron Kin / Related[6]
Frul Ephemeral / Temporary
Ful So
Fun Told[6]
Fundein Unfurl[6]
Funt Fail
Fus Force[3]
Gaaf Ghost[8]
Gaan Stamina
Gahrot Steal[8]
Geh Yes
Gein One (to a single person or thing)[6]
Geinmaar Oneself
Gogil Goblin
Gol Earth
Golt Ground
Golz Stone
Govey Remove[8]
Graan Rout (verb)[6]
Grah Battle[3][4]
Grahmindol Stratagem[4]
Grah-Zeymahzin Ally (Battle-Companion)[12]
Gravuun Autumn[8]
Grik Such
Grind Meet[4][8]
Grohiik Wolf
Gron Bind
Gut Far
Haal Hand
Haas Health
Haalvut Touch (noun or verb)[8]
Hadrim, Hahdrim Mind (noun)
Hah Mind
Hahkun Axe[8]
Hahnu Dream
Heim Forge[8]
Het Here[8]
Hevno Brutal
Heyv Duty[3][5]
Hind Wish, Hope[4]
Hin Your[4][6]
Hofkah Steading[7]
Hokoron Enemy / Enemies[6][8]
Horvut Lure[4]
Horvutah Caught[4]
Hon Hear ("Nust hon" - They hear)[6]
Hun Hero[3]
Huzrah Hearken[6]
Iiz Ice[8]
In Master
Jer East
Joor Mortal[3][11]
Jot Maw[6]
Jul Man / Mankind / Humans (see also "Muz")[6]
Jun King[6][7], Light
Junnesejer Kings of the East
Kaal Champion
Kaan Kyne[13]
Kaaz Cat / Khajiit
Kah Pride
Kein War[6]
Keizaal Skyrim[4][12]
Kel Elder Scroll[6]
Kendov Warrior
Kest Tempest
Key Horse
Keyn Anvil
Kiin Born
Kiir Child[8]
Kinbok Leader
Kinzon Sharp[8]
Klo Sand
Klov Head[8] / Brow[13]
Ko In[6][8]
Kod Wield[6]
Kodaav Bear[4][8]
Kogaan Blessing[6]
Kol Crag
Komeyt Issue / Issued / Let loose (verb)[6]
Konahrik Warlord
Koor Summer
Kopraan Body[8]
Kos Be ("fen kos" - "will be")[6]
Kotin Into[4]
Krah Cold[6]
Krasaar Sickness[8]
Kreh Bend[3]
Kren Break
Krent Broken[3]
Krein Sun (see also "Shul")[6]
Krif Fight[4][10]
Krii Kill[10]
Kriid Slayer
Kril Brave
Krilot Valiant
Krin Courageous
Kro Sorcerer
Kron Conquer
Krongrah Victory[3]
Kroniid Conqueror
Krosis Sorrow[8], Apologies, Regret[3][4]
Kruziik Ancient[6][8]
Kul Son[6]
Kulaan Prince
Kulaas Princess
L When added to the end of a word, means "your"
Laan Want / Request[4]
Laas Life[12]
Laat Last
Lah Magicka
Lahney Live
Lahvraan Muster / Gather[4]
Lahvu Army
Leh Lest
Lein World (Mundus - the universe, everything)[6]
Liiv Wither[8]
Liivrah Diminish
Lingrah Long ("Lingrah vod" = "long ago")[6][13]
Lo Deceive
Loan Question
Lok Sky
Loost Hath
Los Is (Combine with other verbs for present tense: "is helping", "is sworn", etc)[6]
Lost Have / Was[3][6]
Lot Great[6]
Lovaas Music / Song
Luft Face
Lun Leech[8]
Luv Tear (noun)
Maar Terror[8][11]
Mah Fall[3][8]
Mahfaeraak Forever[6]
Mal Little
Med Like / Similar to[4][6]
Mey Fool (noun or verb)[4]
Meyz Come (become) (i.e. "Meyz fundein" = "come unfurled")[6][13]
Mid Loyal[4]
Miin Eye
Mindok Know, Known, Knowable
Mindoraan Understand / Comprehend[4]
Mir Allegiance
Miraad Doorway[4]
Monah Mother
Monahven Throat of the world, translates directly to Mother Wind [3]
Moro Glory
Morokei Glorious[6][8]
Motaad Shudder[6]
Morah Focus
Motmah Slip
Motmahus Slippery, Elusive
Mu We[6]
Mul Strong[11]
Mulaag Strength
Mun Man
Munax Cruel[8]
Muz Men (Plural of "Man", see also "Jul")[6]
Naak Eat
Naako Eaten
Naal By[6][8]
Naan Any
Naas Corpse
Nah Fury
Nahgah Psychic
Nahgahdinok Necromancer (literally, death psychic)
Nahkip Feed[3][5]
Nahkriin Vengeance
Nahl Living (as in "alive")
Nahlaas Alive
Nahlot Silenced
Nau On[6][13]
Nax Cruelty
Neh Never
Ney Both[6]
Ni Not[4][8]
Nii It[13]
Nid or Niid No[13]
Nivahriin Cowardly
Nimaar Itself
Nin Sting
Nir Hunt
Nis Cannot
Nok Lie (as in deceive; verb and noun)[6][8]
Nol From[6][8]
Nonvul Noble
Norok Fierce / Fiercest[6]
Nu Now[6]
Nus Statue
Nust They[6]
Nuz But[6][8]
Oblaan End[8]
Od Snow[6][9]
Ofan Give / Bestow[4][13]
Ogiim Orc
Ok His (used equally with the "ii" form of the possessive)[6][8]
Okaaz Sea
Ol As[6][8]
Om Hair
Ond Lo
Onik Wise[3]
Onikaan Wisdom[3]
Ont Once[3]
Orin Even (adverb, meaning "fully" or "quite")[4]
Osos Some
Ov Trust[3]
Paak Shame
Paal Foe / Enemy[6]
Paar Ambition
Paaz Fair
Pah All[4][6]
Pahlok Arrogance[3]
Peyt Rose
Pindaar Plain
Pogaan Many
Pogaas Much
Pook Stink
Praan Rest / Sit[13]
Prodah Foretell[6]
Pruzah Good
Pruzaan Best
Qahnaarin Vanquisher[12]
Qalos Touch[3]
Qeth Bone
Qethsegol Stone[8] (literally "bone of earth")
Qo Lightning
Qolaas Herald
Qostiid Prophecy[3]
Qoth Tomb[15]
Raan Animal
Rahgot Rage
Rein Roar[6]
Rek She (used equally with the "ii" form of possessive).
Rel Dominate[3]
Revak Sacred[3]
Reyliik Race (Heritage)[6]
Rii Essence[12]
Riik Gale
Rinik Very[8]
Ro Balance[4]
Rok He[6][8]
Ronax Regiment
Ronaan Archer
Ronaaz Arrow
Ronit Rival (verb)[6]
Rotmulaag Word of Power[3]
Rovaan Wander
Ru Run
Rul When[6]
Rum Root
Ruvaak Raven
Ruz Then
Sadon Gray
Saraan Await[4] / Languish[13]
Sah Phantom
Sahlo Weak
Sahqo Red[8]
Sahqon Crimson
Sahrot Mighty[3][6]
Sahsunaar Villager
Saviik Savior[6]
Se Of[7][10]
Shul Sun (Word of Power: see also "Krein")
Siiv Find[8]
Sil Soul[4][11]
Sinak Finger[8]
Sinon Instead[8]
Sivaas Beast (see also "Sunvaar")
Sizaan Lost
Slen Flesh
Smoliin Passion[8]
Sonaan Bard
Sos Blood[8]
Sot White
Spaan Shield
Staadnau Unbound[6]
Stin Free (adjective)[4][6]
Strun Storm[13]
Strunmah Mountain[3]
Su Air
Sul Day (as in time or moment, e.g. "On this day")[6][10]
Suleyk Power[3][6]
Sunvaar Beast (see also "Sivaas")
Su'um Breath[3]
Tah Pack
Taazokaan Tamriel (the physical land / continent)[6]
Tafiir Thief[8]
Tahrodiis Treacherous[4][8]
Tey Tale[6]
Thur Overlord[10]
Thu'um Shout ("Storm Voice")[3]
Tiid Time[3][4]
Til There / In that place[4]
Tinvaak Speak / Speech[3]
Togaat Attempt[8]
Tol That[6]
Toor Inferno[8]
Tu Hammer
Tuz Blade[6]
Ufiik Troll
Ul Eternity
Unahzaal Unending / Ceaseless / Eternal (less common than Unslaad)
Unslaad Unending / Ceaseless / Eternal[3][4]
Unt Try
Uth Command[4]
Uznahgaar Unbridled
Vaal Bay ("ahst vaal" = "At Bay")[6]
Vaat Swear
Vaaz Tear (verb)[12]
Vah Spring
Vahdin Maiden
Vahlok Guardian
Vahriin Sworn[6]
Vahrukt Memory
Vahrukiv Commemorate[8]
Vahzah True[4]
Vonmindoraan Incomprehensible
Ved Black[6]
Ven Wind / Current[3]
Vey Cut[6]
Veysun Ship
Viik Defeat[4]
Viir Dying
Viintaas Shining
Viing Wing[6][9]
Vith Serpent
Vo- Un- prefix. (opposite of. e.g. unkind, unlikeable)[4][10]
Vod Ago ("Lingrah vod" - long ago)[6]
Vodahmin Unremembered / Forgotten
Vokul Evil (Literally "ungood")[6]
Vokun Shadow[6]
Vol Horror
Volaan Intruder (literally "unwant"; a taunt used by Draugr: "dir volaan!")
Voth With[6][13]
Vos Able
Vosl "Your" Able
Vukein Combat[8]
Vul Dark[6]
Vulom Darkness
Vulon Night
Vus Nirn[12]
Wah To[6][8]
Wahl Build / Create
Wahlaan Past-tense: Built / Created / Raised[3][8]
Wen Whose[8]
Werid Praise
Win Wage[6]
Wo Who[6][8]
Wuld Whirlwind
Wundun Travel[4]
Wunduniik Traveler[3]
Wuth Old[3]
Yah Seek[8]
Yol Fire[3]
Yoriik March
Yuvon Gold / Golden (adjective)
Zaam Slave[15]
Zaan Shout (noun; meaning "Yell", not use of Voice Power)[6]
Zah Finite
Zahkrii Sword[8]
Zahrahmiik Sacrifice
Zeim Through[6]
Zeymah Brother[3][6]
Zii Spirit[3]
Zin Honor[3][6]
Zind Triumph
Zindro Triumph's[6]
Zofaas Fearful
Zohungaar Heroically
Zok Most[3][4]
Zol Zombie[12]
Zoor Legend
Zu'u I am ("zu" = "I")[4]
Zul Voice (the actual mortal voice, not the power of shouting)[6]
Zun Weapon


Trivia

  • The Dragon language's script is similar in appearance to cuneiform, the written language of ancient Mesopotamia.
  • The script of the Dragon language also bears resemblance to the script on the obelisk in Star Trek's 3rd season episode entitled "Paradise Syndrome."[16]
  • A possible hidden reference to Looking Glass Studio's "Thief" series exists in the form of the draconic word for thief -- "tafiir." [17]
  • When speaking to the player, both Alduin and Paarthurnax will speak in both common and Dragon language, often repeating a word in common after it is said in Dragon so that the player would understand. Dragons tamed with the Bend Will shout will also do this.
  • Hostile dragons that the player may encounter in the wild will sometimes taunt the player in the Dragon language.
  • "Dovahsebrom" translates to "Dragon of the North".
  • Miraak uses a special four-word phrase to consume the souls of dragons ("zii los dii du" - literally "spirit is mine [to] devour"). This is strange, as most phrases or shouts in Dragon language consist of only three words.
  • Paarthurnax appears to use the three word phrase "Drem Yol Lok" as a greeting. This translates to "peace/patience fire sky".
  • In The Elder Scrolls II: Daggerfall, the language appears and can be used by the Hero as a skill

External links

Appearances

References

  1. Events of Daggerfall
  2. Game Informer
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 3.30 3.31 3.32 3.33 3.34 3.35 3.36 3.37 3.38 3.39 3.40 3.41 3.42 3.43 3.44 3.45 3.46 3.47 3.48 3.49 3.50 3.51 3.52 Paarthurnax's dialogue
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31 4.32 4.33 4.34 4.35 4.36 4.37 4.38 4.39 4.40 4.41 4.42 4.43 Odahviing's dialogue
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Creation Kit data
  6. 6.000 6.001 6.002 6.003 6.004 6.005 6.006 6.007 6.008 6.009 6.010 6.011 6.012 6.013 6.014 6.015 6.016 6.017 6.018 6.019 6.020 6.021 6.022 6.023 6.024 6.025 6.026 6.027 6.028 6.029 6.030 6.031 6.032 6.033 6.034 6.035 6.036 6.037 6.038 6.039 6.040 6.041 6.042 6.043 6.044 6.045 6.046 6.047 6.048 6.049 6.050 6.051 6.052 6.053 6.054 6.055 6.056 6.057 6.058 6.059 6.060 6.061 6.062 6.063 6.064 6.065 6.066 6.067 6.068 6.069 6.070 6.071 6.072 6.073 6.074 6.075 6.076 6.077 6.078 6.079 6.080 6.081 6.082 6.083 6.084 6.085 6.086 6.087 6.088 6.089 6.090 6.091 6.092 6.093 6.094 6.095 6.096 6.097 6.098 6.099 6.100 6.101 6.102 6.103 6.104 6.105 6.106 Songs of Skyrim
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Holdings of Jarl Gjalund
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 8.23 8.24 8.25 8.26 8.27 8.28 8.29 8.30 8.31 8.32 8.33 8.34 8.35 8.36 8.37 8.38 8.39 8.40 8.41 8.42 8.43 8.44 8.45 8.46 8.47 8.48 8.49 8.50 8.51 8.52 8.53 8.54 8.55 8.56 8.57 8.58 8.59 8.60 8.61 8.62 8.63 8.64 8.65 8.66 8.67 8.68 Dragon Language: Myth no More
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Esbern's dialogue
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 Dragon's dialogue in Alduin's Bane
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 Alduin's dialogue
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9 Durnehviir's dialogue
  13. 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 13.11 13.12 13.13 13.14 13.15 Dialogue with Arngeir in The Horn of Jurgen Windcaller
  14. Dialogue with Borri
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Durnehviir's unique Soul Cairn Summon shout.
  16. Paradise Syndrome.
  17. Taffer in the Thief series

Start a Discussion Discussions about Dragon Language

  • Numinex's true name

    172 messages
    • Yes, the thread is old, but makes good reading... We may also surmise that Paarthurnax mercy killed the trapped and suffering Numinex, ...
    • There's another possibility: In 1E 420, Olaf One-Eye captured Numinex and became High King of Skyrim. Though Olaf used Shouts, he was ...
  • Vok translation

    2 messages
    • I'm translating the skyrim theme using the lyrics from Peter Hollens' rendition. The line "fodnust vok zin dro zaan" appea...
    • Hey there! I think it would probably be "hear" because of the context. "Ahrk fin norok paal graan" in my translation me...

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