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Skyrim-CalcelmosStoneRubbing

A stone rubbing of the Falmer language

The following are the known languages that appear in The Elder Scrolls universe.

List of languagesEdit

AkaviriEdit

[?]
  • "Syffim" – Mercenaries/Fighters.

AldmerisEdit

Main article: Aldmeri Language
  • "Ada" – Spirit. Found in Et'Ada and Ehlnada.
  • "Ae" – "Is/equal to/and"
  • "Ae-" – "Positive" prefix (ontological assertion)
  • "Aedra" – "Ancestors"[14]
  • "Aka" – "Dragon"
  • "Ald" – "Ancient", "Old"
  • "Aldmer" – "Ancient/Old Ones"
  • "Aldmeris" – "Elven"
  • "Altadoon" – "Weapon"
  • "Alt" – "High"[15][16][17]
  • "Altmer" – "High Ones"[15]
  • "Altmora" – "The Elder/High Wood"[16][17]
  • "Akavir" – "Dragon Land"[17]
  • "Arcta" – "To face" [OOG 3]
  • "Bos" – "Green", "Forest" [15]
  • "Chi-" – "Changed-"[15]
  • "Chim" – "Change"
  • "Chimer" – "The Changed Ones/Elves"
  • "Dae" – "Is not/ not equal to"
  • "Dae-" – Negative prefix
  • "Daedra" – "Not our ancestors/Not a god"[14]
  • "Dra" – "Ancestors", "God" [OOG 3]
  • "Doon" – Related to "Fight" or "War". Found in Altadoon and Ghardooni
  • "Dun" – "Dark"[15]
  • "Dunmer" – "The Dark Ones/Elves"
  • "Dwe" – "Deep", "Secret"
  • "Dwemer" – "The Deep/Secret Ones", "The Ones of the Depths"[18]
  • "Ehln-" – "Ancestral"
  • "Ehlnada" – "Ancestors" (Literally ancestral spirit) [OOG 3]
  • "Fevel" – "Weakness" [OOG 3]
  • "Ghardooni" – "Invaders" [OOG 3]
  • "Kan" – "To dare" [OOG 3]
  • "Malatanya" – "Truth of Life" [OOG 3]
  • "Malatu" – "Truth"
  • "Man"/"Men" – "Human(s)", "Man"/"Men"
  • "Manmer", "Menmer" – "Half Blooded One(s)" (referring to the first Bretons)
  • "Metanane" – "To have chosen" [OOG 3]
  • "Mer" – "People" ("Elves")[18]
  • "Mora" – "Wood"[15][16][17]
  • "Nu" – "We", "Us" [OOG 3]
  • "Resdayniil" – "Resdayn Folk" [OOG 3]
  • "Tamriel" – "Dawn's Beauty"[17]
  • "Tarcel" – "To resist"[OOG 3]
  • "Udhendra Nibenu" – "Father of the Niben"[1]
  • "Welkynd" – (Welkynd Stones) "Heaven Stone" (literal meaning: "Sky Child")[19]
  • "Vane" – "For" [OOG 3]
  • "Varla" – (Varla Stones) "Star" [19]
  • "Vengha" – "To venerate/adore" [OOG 3]
  • "Vir" – "Land"
  • "Ye" – "And" [OOG 3]

AyleidoonEdit

Main article: Ayleidoon

The Ayleid language is believed to be a variation of "Old Cyrodiilic" rather than Tamrielic.[20]

  • "Admia" – Ancestors[21]
  • "Adonai" – Lordly[21]
  • "Aldmeris" – Elven[21]
  • "Alasil" – Vision[22]
  • "Amaraldane" – Heralds[21]
  • "Anyammis" – Life[21]
  • "Aurane" – Heard[21]
  • "Agea" – Wisdom; Lore[21]
  • "Av" – From[21]
  • "Baune" – Mighty[21]
  • "Belle" – Thunderous[21]
  • Bisnensel – "New Water Halls"[23]
  • "Boiche" – "Wood"[20]
  • "Brelyeis" – Beech Trees[21]
  • "Emero" – ?[21]
  • "Gandra" – Welcoming[21]
  • "Garlas" – Caverns[21]
  • "Goria" – Obscure[21]
  • "Gravia" – Ugly[21]
  • "Haelia" – Terrible[21]
  • "Hectahame" – "Home of the Elves.[24]
  • "Jorane"[21]
  • "Karan" – Armor[21]
  • "Latta" – Light; Shines[21]
  • "Magicka" – Magic[21]
  • "Malatu" – Truth[21]
  • "Mallari" – Gold[21]
  • "Mathlemldi" – literal meaning: "From-home-driven"[21]
  • "Molag" – Fire[21][25]
  • "Moriche" – "Dark"[20]
  • "Ne" – Ever[21]
  • "Nou" – Our[21]
  • "Par" – Fist/Grip[25]
  • "Pellani" – "Outsiders"[20]
  • "Relleis" – Peace[21]
  • "Ry" – As[21]
  • "Sa" – So[21]
  • "Salache" – High[20]
  • "Sancre" – Golden[26]
  • "Sepredia" – Gifts[21]
  • "Sou" – Your[21]
  • "Suna" – Bless[21]
  • "Sunna" – Blessed (Sunnabe = Blessed Be)[21]
  • "Tor" – Hill[26]
  • "Va" – In; In The[21]
  • "Vabria frenscha" – Foaming Wave[21]
  • "Varlais" – Stars[21] (Aldmeris: Varla = Star)
  • "Ye" – And[21]

BanthanEdit

Main article: Banthan

Dialect of Ancient Redguard. (Also calls it "Old Redguard" further down)[27]

  • "Riglametha" – "Grateful-offering"[27]
  • "Ghraewaj" – ""The Crows Who Were Punished" or "The Crows Who Punish"[27]

DaedricEdit

Has its own alphabet, but is written the same as Tamrielic. See Daedric Alphabet

  • "Kyn" – "Dremora Race"[28] (people)[29]
  • "Kynaz" – He of the Kyn[28] [29]
  • "Kynmarcher" – Lieutenant/Minor Lord[28]
  • "Markynaz" – Translates roughly as "Grand Duke"[28] [29]
  • "Markyn" – "Grand Council" (of other Markynaz)[28]
  • "Valkynaz" – Translates roughly as "Prince"[29]

Dragon LanguageEdit

Main article: Dragon Language

DunmeriEdit

  • Note – At some point in the past, the Dunmer had a complete, separate language.[8]
  • "Ald'ruhn" – "Old Home"
  • "Fetcher"[30]
  • "Foyada" – "Fire-river" (in the 'Ancient Ashlander tongue)[30][31]
  • "Gah" – Great (e.g. Gah-Julan)[30]
  • "Kogo" – Unbreakable
  • "Kogoruhn" – "Unbreakable Home"
  • "Muthsera" – ?[30][32]
  • "Mehra" – ?[33]
  • "N'wah"[30]
  • "Ruhn" – Home
  • "Serjo" – honorary title, meaning "sir" or "Noble".[33][34]
  • "Sotha"
  • "S'wit"[30]
  • "Sera" – Greeting given to fellow Dunmeri. (Gleaned from "Dialogue" section of Morrowind Construction set)[30]
  • "T'lonya" – Birthing swaddle[35]

DwemerisEdit

Main article: Dwemeris

Dwemeris.[3]

For a list of books written in Dwemeris, see Dwemeris.

EhlnofexEdit

Ancient language. Now extinct.

  • "Ae" – "Is" (Probably also encountered in elvish languages); Prefix establishing as true
  • "Aedra" – "Ancestors"[14]
  • "Beratu" – "Half"[40] ("Bretons" is derived from this)
  • "Dae" – "Is not"; Negative prefix
  • "Daedra" – "Not our ancestors"[14]
  • "Nirn" means the "Gray Maybe".[41] (Sometimes translated as "Arena")[OOG 4] (Unconfirmed that it was this language)

FalmerEdit

The Falmer Language can be determined thanks to etchings in Calcelmo's Tower, and Gallus's Encoded Journal[42]

GiantishEdit

Main article: Giantish – Established as a language in The Elder Scrolls II: Daggerfall[4]

GoblinEdit

A language according to the The Elder Scrolls Online lorebook Sacred Rites of the Stonechewers.

  • "Muulk" – Used to chastise Durzogs or children.[5]
  • "Mluku" – Goblin word for fecal matter.[5]

ImpishEdit

Established as a language in The Elder Scrolls II: Daggerfall.[4]

KothriEdit

Roll me down down down to the river that welcomes me
Ge-rulla seb-seb-seb ytri topali ke wel'kyn-ge

I am a Welcome Stone
Ge una Wel'kyn Bal

Just ask anyone of age, little girl, for they remember me
Yn set ghyn aka, ky'naless, synd laru'me ge

I am a Welcome Stone
Ge yni Wel'kyn Bal

Wash me up up up and see! A familiar face! Too long gone!
K'yness-ge bes bes bes ad'soon! Ha'phyn fex! Ald'ald-het!

I am Orlyan, the Long Gone Stone
Ge yni Orlyan, the Ald-Het Bal

The Around-Us will be happy to see me again!
Aurbex lemha je-je ad'soon al-ge!

But it might go, "Wait, you looked different before!"
Hyn detta set, "Ka, g'e lr'khn nymbo!"

I am a Verily Stone!
Ge yni V'arla Bal!

But it might go, "Wait, you looked different before!"
Hyn detta set, "Ka, g'e lr’khn nymbo!"

I am a Verily Stone!
Ge yni V'arla Bal!

[OOG 5]

JelEdit

  • A language that is described as "the closest speech to thought." A way of conversing communally with the Hist.[OOG 1]
  • Unlike many Tamrielic languages, Jel is not derived from Ehlnofex but comes from the ancient and sentient trees, the Hist.[OOG 1] The language is sometimes erroneously referred to as Saxhleel, which is the Argonian name for themselves.
  • "Hej xajhuthi kroni" – Vaporous, dangerous crones." ("Beware of witchlights")[13]
  • "hejsetha thtitleel" – Vaporous, floating sphere (or Wisp[13]
  • "hejsetha thtithik" – "Vaporous, floating egg-hatcher" (Wispmother)[13]
  • "Wamasu" is a Jel name[13]

Argonian Language[43]

  • "Al-Phid" – "Brightest star in the city"[44]
  • "Daril" – example "Daril Drinker" – ?[13]
  • "Gee-Rusleel" – "Miredancer"[45]
  • "Haj" – Hidden Woods[7]
  • "Jekos" - Meaning unknown. Used by Zahra in The Elder Scrolls Online.[46]
  • "ka" – Apprentice[43]
  • "kaj – jeke thota" – "Ample-stinging insect" (or "Giant Wasp")[13]
  • Kaoc – Form of expression of surprise or alarm.[13][44][46]
  • "kajthux" – "Ample Serpent"[13]
  • "Kota-Vimleel" – "Black-Tongues"[47]
  • "Lukiul" – "Assimilated".[OOG 1]
  • "Rormasu" – Argonian word for Crocodile (literal: "big mouth reptile that breathes above water")[13]
  • "Saxhleel" – Argonians' name for themselves.[OOG 1][48]
  • "Ssaa" – ? (used by Xijai-Teel [46]
  • "Teeba-Hatsei" – "Hip and Tail Ball"[45]
  • "Theilul" – Hurry? (uncertain on meaning)[44]
  • "Tsonashap" – "Swimming Frog"[OOG 1]
  • "Tum-Taleel" – "Root-House People"[49]
  • Uxith – "nest"[44]
  • "Veeskheel-Tzel" – "Ghost People"[48]
  • "Wasseek-haleel" – "Bright-Throats"[50]
  • "Waxhuthi" – curse word[13][51]
  • "Xal" – "Sacred"[8]
  • "Xeech'kis" – "Seed Dolls"[50]
  • "Xuth" – exclamation[8][13][52]

NedicEdit

  • "Sprig" – Nedic term for "fresh green twig or offshoot"[53]

NordicEdit

"Merethic" – literally meaning "Era of the Elves"[16]

Old BreticEdit

Main article: Old Bretic

Old RedguardEdit

"Yokudan"/Old Yokudan.

  • "Ajcea": a spiral down (source: "The Alik'r)[54](Mentions Ajcea)[55]
  • "Ayh-al-Fifrah at-Hamisam" – "be at peace"?[56]
  • "Anka-Ra" – Former warrior? Old warrior?[57]
  • "Anselim" – Equivalent of "bottoms-up" (maybe)[55]
    • "Anselim" may also mean "stop" or "cease"[58]
  • Ansei "Sword-Saints"[57] (Other references too)
  • Ansu (official references, too)[OOG 6]
  • Atomos – "The Uncuttable"[OOG 6]
  • "Greklith"[59]
  • "Hel Shira" – Blade Noble?[57]
  • "Kotu": Purifying? (Frandar Hunding)[55] "weapon" / "edge"[57]
  • "Mluo": "the divinely rich child of rot, silky, pressed sour milk" (i.e. Cheese). (Source: "The Alik'r")[54]
  • "Netu" – "Turn"[58]
  • "Netu Hu" – "Turn Right"[58]
  • "Netu anselim" – "Turn Back"[OOG 6]
  • "Selim" – "Halt"[58]
  • "Ugak-ta" – "I'm pretty mad"[OOG 6]
  • "Yarbans" – A Redguard unit of measure (Frandar Hunding)[55]
  • "Raga" – ?[OOG 6]
  • "Sen nung ni-Bateki tro ki-lodo" – ?[OOG 6]
  • "Stros M'Kai" - "Sister of Thought"[OOG 7]
  • "Tro zhang-ga let" – ?[OOG 6]
  • "Sura"[OOG 6]
  • "Surahoon" – ?[OOG 6]
  • "Hira-Dirg" – ?[OOG 6]
  • "Tobr'a" – ?[OOG 6]
  • "Tung den uta-no-mongo, Ansu-Gurleht."[OOG 6]
  • "Yokeda" – "Leader? Lord of war?[57]

(See also: Banthan – a dialect of this language)

OrcishEdit

Main article: Orcish (Skill)

Orcish is a language of the Orsimer peoples of Tamriel.[4] Other examples exist of its separate language, such as Sixteen Accords of Madness, Book XII.[60] *[OOG 6]

  • No word exists in this language for "delicacy."[61]

SaxhleelEdit

(See "Jel")

Ta'agraEdit

(Ta'agra)[12]

  • "Ahzirr Durrarriss": "We Give Freely To The People"[12]
  • "Ahzirr Trajijazeri" – "We justly take by force". (Zulana)[46][OOG 6]
  • "Do-sura" – The Captain[OOG 6]
  • "Fusozay Var Dar": "Kill Without Qualm"[12]
  • "Fusozay Var Var": "Enjoy Life"[12]
  • "Krin" – Grin/smile[12]
  • "Q'zi no vano thzina ualizz." – "There are no rules"[12]
  • "Ri'sallidad" – "the dead" ("Martyrs")[12]
  • "Sa-m'Athra" – Elder cat? Senche-Lion?[62]
  • "Vaba Do'Shurh'do": "It Is Good To Be Brave"[12]
  • "Vaba Maaszi Lhajiito": "It Is Necessary To Run Away"[12]
  • "Ziss" – Phrase used by Khajiit. (Mazil-jo uses this)[46]
  • "Renrijra Krin – "The Mercenary's Grin"[12]
  • "gzalzi vaberzarita maaszi: – "Absurdity has become necessity.[12]
  • "ja'Khajiit" - ? [63]
  • "q'zi no vano thzina ualizz" – "When I contradict myself, I am telling the truth."[12]
  • "thjizzrini" – "Foolish Concepts" (No word for "Rules")[12]
  • "vaba maaszi lhajiito, do-sura" – Unknown.[OOG 6]
  • Dro-m'Athra – Everywhere? (possible)[62]
  • Je’m’ath – "Moon Sugar"[64]
  • Lilmothiit – "One who is from Lilmoth"[65]
  • Ja-Kha'jay – "Lunar Lattice"[66]

Honorific titles:

  • "-do" – "is an honorific for one who has earned distinction on the field of battle or in personal duels. Beware of those strutting lions who apply the title to themselves,Kings,Speakers,a term of endearment.[67]
  • "-dar" is perhaps the most ancient of all Khajiiti titles,an appellation earned by those who are nimble in fingers and wits,and Manes,and are both inquisitive and acquisitive.[67](Example: Razum-dar)
  • "-jo" is an appellation for respected physicians,and is also sometimes added to the names of learned ancestors.[67]
  • "-la" is an oh-so-fleeting title applied to graceful maidens who are unmarried,and mages,and scholars,and those who walk too slowly in front of one in the marketplace"[67]
  • "-dra" is a title of respect awarded to one known for her wisdom and wit,as it is reserved for great leaders of our people,but occasionally (too occasionally,grandfathers,in this one's opinion) a female.[67]
  • "-do" is an honorific for one who has earned distinction on the field of battle or in personal duels.
  • "-ko" is an appellation for respected healers,mages,not waiting for others to award it."[67]
  • "-dro" – "title applied to wise elders,or as a consolation to one who has achieved a venerable age.[67]
  • "-daro" is for one who has achieved excellence in the nimble manipulation of loose articles,or behave as if they were[67]
  • "-ma" is for a young child of either gender,or governance.
  • "-ri" is a title rarely awarded,patriarchs,scholars,such as small decorative objects and unattached coinage.[67]
  • "-do" is for one who has earned renown as a warrior—usually male,though it is also frequently adopted by charlatans and mountebanks
  • "-ra" is for an esteemed leader of soldiers,trade

TsaesciEdit

  • "Syffim" – "Warrior"[68]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Father of the Niben
  2. The Vanishing Crux
  3. 3.0 3.1 Dwarven Writings
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 The Elder Scrolls II: Daggerfall
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Sacred Rites of the Stonechewers
  6. 6.0 6.1 Kyne's Challenge: A Hunter's Companion/High Rock
  7. 7.0 7.1 Kyne's Challenge: A Hunter's Companion/Summerset Isles
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 The (Improved) Emperor's Guide to Tamriel: Black Marsh
  9. The Elder Scrolls Online: Dialogue with Drillk
  10. Kyne's Challenge: A Hunter's Companion/Hammerfell
  11. The (Improved) Emperor's Guide to Tamriel: Hammerfell
  12. 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 12.11 12.12 12.13 Ahzirr Traajijazeri
  13. 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 13.11 Kyne's Challenge: A Hunter's Companion/The Black Marsh
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Aedra and Daedra
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 The Annotated Anuad
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 Before the Ages of Man
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 Mysterious Akavir
  18. 18.0 18.1 Dwarves, v1
  19. 19.0 19.1 Magic from the Sky
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 The Wild Elves
  21. 21.00 21.01 21.02 21.03 21.04 21.05 21.06 21.07 21.08 21.09 21.10 21.11 21.12 21.13 21.14 21.15 21.16 21.17 21.18 21.19 21.20 21.21 21.22 21.23 21.24 21.25 21.26 21.27 21.28 21.29 21.30 21.31 21.32 21.33 21.34 21.35 21.36 21.37 Ayleid Inscriptions Translated
  22. Nilata Search Plan
  23. Bisnensel: Our Ancient Roots
  24. Online Loading ScreenHectahame Grotto
  25. 25.0 25.1 Fire's Grip (a note in Online)
  26. 26.0 26.1 Remanada
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 Ghraewaj and the Harpies
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 The (Improved) Emperor's Guide to Tamriel: Northern Bangkorai and the Mountains
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 Varieties of Daedra
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 30.5 30.6 The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind
  31. (Dialogue: "Scout" or "Savant" Class)
  32. Deed to Indrele's House (Morrowind)
  33. 33.0 33.1 The (Improved) Emperor's Guide to Tamriel: Stonefalls and Deshaan
  34. Note to Salyn Sarethi
  35. Lymdrenn Tenvanni's Journal
  36. Katria's Journal
  37. Pocket Guide to the Empire, First Edition: Hammerfell
  38. Pocket Guide to the Empire, Third Edition: Hammerfell
  39. Pocket Guide to the Empire, First Edition: Morrowind
  40. The Bretons: Mongrels of Paragons?
  41. The Monomyth
  42. The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim
  43. 43.0 43.1 The Black Fin: Foreign Adventures, Part 1
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 Racial Motifs 9: The Argonians
  45. 45.0 45.1 Tribes of Murkmire: Miredancers
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 46.3 46.4 The Elder Scrolls Online
  47. Tribes of Murkmire: Black-Tongues
  48. 48.0 48.1 Tribes of Murkmire: Ghost People
  49. Tribes of Murkmire: Root-House People
  50. 50.0 50.1 Tribes of Murkmire: Bright-Throats
  51. Online - Dialogue with Sharp-Eye
  52. The Elder Scrolls Online – multiple Argonian characters
  53. Field Guide to Spriggans
  54. 54.0 54.1 The Alik'r
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.3 The Book of Circles: Forging Maxims
  56. Kyne's Challenge: A Hunter's Companion/Valenwood
  57. 57.0 57.1 57.2 57.3 57.4 Elenaire's Journal
  58. 58.0 58.1 58.2 58.3 The Horse-Folk of Silverhoof
  59. Testimony of Arthago, Prince of Sentinel
  60. Sixteen Accords of Madness, Book XII
  61. Arms and Armor of the Orcish Champion: Gushagub Gro-Shugdurbam
  62. 62.0 62.1 Kyne's Challenge: A Hunter's Companion/Elsweyr
  63. Kizmar, The Elder Scrolls Online: Morrowind
  64. An Elder Scrolls Novel: The Infernal City, part two chapter nine
  65. Lady Clarisse Laurent Answers Your Questions
  66. Pocket Guide to the Empire, First Edition: Elsweyr Confederacy
  67. 67.0 67.1 67.2 67.3 67.4 67.5 67.6 67.7 67.8 Khajiiti Honorifics
  68. History of the Fighters Guild, 1st Ed
Notice: The following are out-of-game references. They are not found in any in-game books, but can still be considered part of The Elder Scrolls lore and are included for completeness.
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 An Elder Scrolls Novel: The Infernal City
  2. An Elder Scrolls Novel: Lord of Souls
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 Brad Derrick's ESO forum comment
  4. Cosmology
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 The Water-getting Girl and the Inverse Tiger
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 Lord Vivec's Sword-Meeting With Cyrus the Restless
  7. The Redguard Forum Madness