The mountain range was named after St. Veloth, the Chimer prophet who was responsible for leading his people from the northern regions into Resdayn, later known as Morrowind.
During the Merethic Era, the Dwemer established underground cities and communities in the mountain range. A canopy tunnels through the mountains themselves was also said to exist.
During the Second Era, the Jarl of Riften commissioned the construction of a fort to lock up his son because he suffered from Vampirism. The Jarl contracted a large mercenary force, which was named the "Dawnguard", in order to keep his son quarantined.